- Femicide/ feminicide: the deliberate and cruel murder of women because they are women and as acts of hatred of women.
- Feminisation of poverty: women’s experiences of poverty differing from those of men and the different ways diverse women experience poverty; systems and processes that force women into poverty (e.g. conflict, macro-economic processes, migration).
- Feminism: the belief that women should be allowed the same rights, power and opportunities as men and be treated in the same way, and the political process intended to achieve this state.
- Gender: the social condition/construction and identity of being a male or female. Transgender/transsexual refers to a person, especially a man, who feels they should be the other sex, and therefore behaves and dresses like a member of that sex. In Latin America transgender/transsexual identity is often considered to be a ‘third’ gender.
different dimensions of social exclusion and discrimination that intersect.
These dimensions are structural and political:
- Structural: multiple discrimination, i.e. race, ethnicity, age, ability, gender, sexual orientation, or class that exacerbate women’s vulnerability and place them at increased risk of violence.
- Political: points of intersection, positioning and conflicting political agendas, e.g. in some contexts women may prioritise the political interests of their marginalised community rather than their interests as women.
- Machista violence against women: the ideology of machismo (male supremacy) leads men to believe that they have a right to abuse women and that this is ‘natural’ male behaviour. Machismo also leads to men repressing their own emotions and sensitivity.
- Masculinities: the characteristics that are considered to be typical of (or suitable for) men in different cultures and contexts.
- Patriarchy: a society controlled by men in which they use their power to their own advantage.
- Sexism: (actions based on) the belief that the members of one sex are less intelligent, able, skilful, etc. than the members of the other sex, and especially that women are less able than men.
- Violence against Women (VAW): gender-based violence against women linked to entrenched gender inequality and discrimination.
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